Lower Austria, also known as Niederösterreich in German, is a diverse and enchanting state in Austria, located in the northeastern part of the country. With an area of approximately 19,174 square kilometers, Lower Austria is the largest state in Austria and home to a rich tapestry of geography, politics, economy, cities and districts, history, demographics, and culture. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore what makes Lower Austria a must-visit destination for any history and culture enthusiast.


Lower Austria is a state of striking contrasts, with stunning mountains, lush green forests, and rolling hills. The state is bordered by the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia to the northeast, Vienna to the east, Styria to the south, and Upper Austria to the west. The Danube River, one of Europe’s major rivers, runs through Lower Austria, providing breathtaking views and a hub of water-based activities.


Lower Austria has a vibrant political scene, with the State Governor at the helm of the executive branch of government. The state parliament is made up of 56 members who are elected every five years. Lower Austria is divided into four administrative districts, namely, Amstetten, Gänserndorf, Krems, and Wiener Neustadt. The state also plays an active role in the European Union as a member of the Danube Region Strategy and the EUREGIO.


Lower Austria has a diversified and thriving economy, with a focus on technology, research, and development. The state’s leading industries include manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism. The state is home to several leading companies, including Boehringer Ingelheim, Borealis, and BMW, among others. The state is also home to several wine-growing regions, making it a destination for wine tourism.

Lower Austria Cities and Districts:

Lower Austria is home to several vibrant and historic cities, including St. Pölten, the state capital, Krems an der Donau, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and Wiener Neustadt, a city with a rich medieval history. The state is divided into 20 districts, each with its own unique identity and history. Among the notable districts are the Wachau, a wine-growing region, and the Waldviertel, a scenic region of forests, fields, and small towns.


Lower Austria has a rich and diverse history dating back to the Roman era. The state is home to several castles, ruins, and other historical landmarks, including the Melk Abbey, one of the most famous monasteries in Austria, and the Carnuntum Archaeological Park, which is home to the remains of a Roman city. The state’s capital, St. Pölten, was once a Roman settlement and has a rich cultural heritage.

Demographics and Culture:

Lower Austria has a population of approximately 1.7 million people, with a mix of urban and rural areas. The state is home to several unique traditions, including the Lederhosen Festival in Annaberg, the Krampus Parade in Zwettl, and the Wine Festival in Langenlois. The state is also known for its world-class music and theater performances, including the popular Danube Festival.

Things to do in Lower Austria

Lower Austria offers a wide range of activities and attractions for visitors to enjoy. Here are some of the top things to do in Lower Austria:

Visit the Wachau Valley: The Wachau Valley is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most beautiful regions in Lower Austria. It’s known for its picturesque vineyards, charming villages, and stunning scenery.

Explore the Danube River: The Danube River runs through Lower Austria and is a hub of water-based activities. You can take a river cruise, go kayaking, or even try stand-up paddleboarding.

Visit Melk Abbey: Melk Abbey is one of the most famous monasteries in Austria and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It’s known for its stunning baroque architecture and impressive library.

Explore the Carnuntum Archaeological Park: The Carnuntum Archaeological Park is home to the remains of a Roman city and is a great place to learn about the history of the region.

Hike in the Rax Mountains: The Rax Mountains are a popular hiking destination and offer stunning views of the surrounding countryside.

Visit Stift Klosterneuburg: Stift Klosterneuburg is a monastery and winery located just outside of Vienna. It’s known for its impressive architecture, stunning art collection, and delicious wines.

Experience the wine culture of Lower Austria: Lower Austria is home to several wine-growing regions, and there are many opportunities to taste the local wines and learn about the winemaking process.

Visit the city of St. Pölten: St. Pölten is the state capital of Lower Austria and is a great place to explore. It’s home to several museums, galleries, and historic landmarks, as well as great shopping and dining options.

Explore the Lower Austrian Alps: The Lower Austrian Alps are a stunning mountain range in the southern part of the state. They offer great opportunities for hiking, skiing, and other outdoor activities.